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EPA Misled Public on 9/11
Pollution: White House ordered false assurances on air quality, report says
By Laurie Garrett, NY
Newsday, August 23, 2003
NEW YORK -- In the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center, the
White House instructed the Environmental Protection Agency to give the public misleading
information, telling New Yorkers it was safe to breathe when reliable information on air
quality was not available.
That finding is included in a report released Friday by the Office of the Inspector
General of the EPA. It noted that some of the agency's news releases in the weeks after
the attack were softened before being released to the public: Reassuring information was
added, while cautionary information was deleted.
"When the EPA made a September 18 announcement that the air was 'safe' to breathe, it
did not have sufficient data and analyses to make such a blanket statement," the
report says. "Furthermore, the White House Council on Environmental Quality
influenced . . . the information that EPA communicated to the public through its early
press releases when it convinced EPA to add reassuring statements and delete cautionary
BUSH ADMINISTRATION: NYC AIR 'SAFE TO BREATHE'
The Statue of Liberty stands in the foreground as New York is shrouded in smoke
and pollution in New York image made from television, Tuesday Sept. 11, 2001. (ABC via
On the morning of Sept. 12, according to the report, the office of then-EPA Administrator
Christie Whitman issued a memo: "All statements to the media should be cleared
through the NSC (National Security Council in the White House) before they are
released." The 165-page report compares excerpts from EPA draft statements to the
final versions, including these:
The draft statement contained a warning from EPA scientists that homes and businesses near
ground zero should be cleaned by professionals. Instead, the public was told to follow
instructions from New York City officials.
Another draft statement was deleted; it raised concerns about "sensitive
populations" such as asthma patients, the elderly and people with underlying
LEVELS OF ASBESTOS
A statement about discovery of asbestos at higher than safe levels in dust samples from
lower Manhattan was changed to state that "samples confirm previous reports that
ambient air quality meets OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) standards
and consequently is not a cause for public concern."
Language in an EPA draft stating that asbestos levels in some areas were three times
higher than national standards was changed to "slightly above the 1 percent trigger
for defining asbestos material."
This sentence was added to a Sept. 16 news release: "Our tests show that it is safe
for New Yorkers to go back to work in New York's financial district." It replaced a
statement that initial monitors failed to turn up dangerous samples.
A warning on the importance of safely handling ground zero cleanup, due to lead and
asbestos exposure, was changed to say that some contaminants had been noted downtown but
"the general public should be very reassured by initial sampling."
The report also notes examples when EPA officials claimed that conditions were safe when
no scientific support was available.
New York's leaders responded with dismay.
Rep. Jerry Nadler, a Manhattan Democrat, called for a Justice Department investigation.
"That the White House instructed EPA officials to downplay the health impact of the
World Trade Center contaminants due to 'competing considerations' at the expense of the
health and lives of New York City residents is an abomination," he said in a news
Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said in an interview it was "understandable that in the
midst of a crisis the White House did not want the EPA to sound alarmist." But, he
warned, "If the public loses faith that things are safe when the government says so,
we'll have done more damage than a pointed statement the week after 9/11 would have."
The White House did not respond to requests for comment.
Acting EPA Administrator Marianne Horinko, who sat in on EPA meetings with the White House
during the attack's aftermath, said in an interview that the White House had played a
coordinating role, assembling information from various federal agencies.
"It was a role someone had to play," Horinko said. "There was a potential
for a Tower of Babel, and we needed to speak with one voice."
The National Security Council played the key role, filtering incoming data on ground zero
air and water, Horinko said. "I think that the thinking was, these are experts in WMD
(weapons of mass destruction), so they should have the coordinating role."
The focus at EPA, she continued, was on gathering data and making it public as rapidly as
"Under unbelievably trying conditions, EPA did the best that it could," she
Copyright © 2003 Newsday
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